Manual.rst 266 KB
Newer Older
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
.. ==================================================
.. Header hierachy
.. ==
..  --
..   ^^
..    ''
..     ;;
..      ,,
..
.. --------------------------------------------------
.. External Links: `Bootstrap <http://getbootstrap.com/>`_:
.. Add Images: https://wiki.typo3.org/ReST_Syntax#Images
..
.. -*- coding: utf-8 -*- with BOM.


.. include:: Includes.txt


.. _installation:

Installation
============

Preparation
-----------

Report & Form
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

In PHP 5.x the QFQ extension needs  the PHP MySQL native driver. The following functions are used and are only available with the
native driver (see also: http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/connector/php-mysqlnd/):

* mysqli::get_result (important),
* mysqli::fetch_all (nice to use)

To normalize UTF8 input, the *php5-intl* resp. *php7.0-intl* package is needed by

* normalizer::normalize()

41
42
For the `download`_ function, the program `pdftk` is necessary to concatenate PDF files.

43
44
Preparation for Ubuntu 14.04::

45
	sudo apt-get install php5-mysqlnd php5-intl pdftk
46
47
48
49
50
	sudo php5enmod mysqlnd
	sudo service apache2 restart

Preparation steps for Ubuntu 16.04::

51
52
53
54
	sudo apt install php7.0-intl pdftk

wkhtmltopdf
^^^^^^^^^^^
55
56


57
58
`wkhtmltopdf`  http://wkhtmltopdf.org/ will be used by QFQ to offer 'website print' and 'HTML to PDF' conversion.
The converter is not included in QFQ and has to be manually installed.
59

60
61
62
63
* The Ubuntu package `wkhtmltopdf` needs a running Xserver - this does not work on a headless webserver. Best is to
   install the QT version from the named website above.
* FE_GROUP protected pages/tt-content are not accessible via `wkhtmltopdf`.
* SIPs can't be used via  `wkhtmltopdf`.
64

65
In `config-qfq-ini`_ specify the:
66
67
68
69

* installed `wkhtmltopdf` binary,
* the site base URL.

70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
HTML to PDF conversion
''''''''''''''''''''''

`wkhtmltopdf` converts a website (local or remote) to a (multi)-page PDF file. It's mainly used in `download`_.

Print
'''''

Different browser prints the same page in different variations. To prevent this, QFQ implements a small PHP wrapper
`print.php` with `wkhtmltopdf` in behind.

81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
Provide a `print this page`-link (replace {current pageId})::

	<a href="typo3conf/ext/qfq/qfq/api/print.php?id={current pageId}">Print this page</a>

Any parameter specified after `print.php` will be delivered to `wkhtmltopdf` as part of the URL.

Typoscript code to implement a print link on every page::

	10 = TEXT
	10 {
91
		wrap = <a href="typo3conf/ext/qfq/qfq/api/print.php?id=...|&type=2"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-print" aria-hidden="true"></span> Printview</a>
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
		data = page:uid
	}

Setup
-----

* Install the extension via the Extensionmanager.

  * If you install the extension by manual download/upload and get an error message
    "can't activate extension": rename the downloaded zip file to `qfq.zip` or `qfq_<version>.zip` (e.g. version: 0.9.1).

  * If the Extensionmanager stops after importing: check your memory limit in php.ini.

* Enable the online local-documentation_.
* Copy/rename the file *<Documentroot>/typo3conf/ext/<ext_dir>/config.example.qfq.ini* to
  *<Documentroot>/typo3conf/config.qfq.ini* and configure the necessary values: `config.qfq.ini`_
  The configuration file is outside the extension directory to not loose it during updates.
* Play the SQL File *<ext_dir>/qfq/sql/formEditor.sql* to fill the database with the *FormEditor* records.
* Configure Typoscript to include Bootstrap, jQuery, QFQ javascript and CSS files.

::

	page.meta {
	  X-UA-Compatible = IE=edge
	  X-UA-Compatible.attribute = http-equiv
	  viewport=width=device-width, initial-scale=1
	}

	page.includeCSS {

		file1 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/Css/bootstrap.min.css
		file2 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/Css/bootstrap-theme.min.css
		file3 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/Css/jqx.base.css
		file4 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/Css/jqx.bootstrap.css
		file5 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/Css/qfq-bs.css
	}

	page.includeJS {

		file1 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/JavaScript/jquery.min.js
		file2 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/JavaScript/bootstrap.min.js
		file3 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/JavaScript/validator.min.js
		file4 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/JavaScript/jqx-all.js
		file5 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/JavaScript/globalize.js
		file6 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/JavaScript/tinymce.min.js
		file7 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/JavaScript/EventEmitter.min.js
		file8 = typo3conf/ext/qfq/Resources/Public/JavaScript/qfq.min.js
	}

141
.. _form-editor:
142
143
144

FormEditor
----------
145

146
147
148
149
150
151
Setup a *report* to manage all *forms*:

* Create a Typo3 page.
* Set the 'URL Alias' to `form` (default) or the individual defined value in parameter EDIT_FORM_PAGE (config.qfq.ini).
* Insert a content record of type *qfq*.
* In the bodytext insert the following code:
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160

::

	# If there is a form given by SIP: show
	form={{form:S}}

	10 {
		# List of Forms: Do not show this list of forms if there is a form given by SIP.
		# Table header.
161
162
		sql = SELECT CONCAT('{{pageId:T}}&form=Form&') as _Pagen, '#', 'Name', 'Title', 'Table', '' FROM (SELECT 1) AS fake WHERE  '{{form:SE}}'=''
		head = <table class="table table-hover qfq-table-50">
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
		tail = </table>
		rbeg = <thead><tr>
		rend = </tr></thead>
		fbeg = <th>
		fend = </th>

		10 {
			# All forms
171
			sql = SELECT CONCAT('{{pageId:T}}&form=Form&r=', f.id) as _Pagee, f.id, f.name, f.title, f.tableName, CONCAT('form=Form&r=', f.id) as _Paged FROM Form AS f  ORDER BY f.name
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
			rbeg = <tr>
			rend = </tr>
			fbeg = <td>
			fend = </td>
		}
	}

.. _config-qfq-ini:

config.qfq.ini
--------------

184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Keyword                     | Example                                         | Description                                                                |
+=============================+=================================================+============================================================================+
| DB_USER                     | DB_USER=qfqUser                                 | Credentials configured in MySQL                                            |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| DB_PASSWORD                 | DB_PASSWORD=12345678                            | Credentials configured in MySQL                                            |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| DB_SERVER                   | DB_SERVER=localhost                             | Hostname of MySQL Server                                                   |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| DB_NAME                     | DB_NAME=qfq_db                                  | Database name                                                              |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| DB_NAME_TEST                | DB_NAME_TEST=qfq_db_test                        | Used during development of QFQ                                             |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| DB_INIT                     | DB_INIT=set names utf8                          | Global init for using the database.                                        |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| SQL_LOG                     | SQL_LOG=sql.log                                 | Filename to log SQL commands: relative to <ext_dir> or absolute.           |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| SQL_LOG_MODE                | SQL_LOG_MODE=modify                             | *all*: every statement will be logged - this is a lot                      |
|                             |                                                 | *modify*: log only statements who change data                              |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| SHOW_DEBUG_INFO             | SHOW_DEBUG_INFO=auto                            | Possible values: auto|yes|no. For 'auto': If a BE User is logged in,       |
|                             |                                                 | debug information will be shown on the fronend.                            |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CSS_LINK_CLASS_INTERNA    L | CSS_LINK_CLASS_INTERNAL=internal                | CSS class name of links which points to internal tagets                    |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CSS_LINK_CLASS_EXTERNAL     | CSS_LINK_CLASS_EXTERNAL=external                | CSS class name of links which points to internal tagets                    |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CSS_CLASS_QFQ_CONTAINER     |CSS_CLASS_QFQ_CONTAINER=container                | QFQ with own Bootstrap: 'container'.                                       |
|                             |                                                 | QFQ already nested in Bootstrap of mainpage: <empty>                       |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM_PILL     |CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM_PILL=qfq-color-grey-1         | Wrap around title bar for pills: CSS Class, typically a background color   |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM_BODY     |CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM_BODY=qfq-color-grey-2         | Wrap around formelements: CSS Class, typically a background color          |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| DATE_FORMAT                 | DATE_FORMAT= yyyy-mm-dd                         | Possible options: yyyy-mm-dd, dd.mm.yyyy                                   |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| FORM_DATA_PATTERN_ERROR     |FORM_DATA_PATTERN_ERROR=please check pa.         | Customizable error message used in validator.js. 'pattern' violation       |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| FORM_DATA_REQUIRED_ERROR    |FORM_DATA_REQUIRED_ERROR=missing value           | Customizable error message used in validator.js. 'required' fields         |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| FORM_DATA_MATCH_ERROR       |FORM_DATA_MATCH_ERROR=type error                 | Customizable error message used in validator.js. 'match' retype mismatch   |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| FORM_DATA_ERROR             |FORM_DATA_ERROR=generic error                    | Customizable error message used in validator.js. 'no specific' given       |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| FORM_BS_COLUMNS             | FORM_BS_COLUMNS=12                              | The whole form will be wrapped in 'col-md-??'. Default is 12 for 100%      |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| FORM_BS_LABEL_COLUMNS       | FORM_BS_LABEL_COLUMNS = 3                       | Default number of BS columns for the 'label'-column                        |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| FORM_BS_INPUT_COLUMNS       | FORM_BS_INPUT_COLUMNS = 6                       | Default number of BS columns for the 'input'-column                        |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| FORM_BS_NOTE_COLUMNS        | FORM_BS_NOTE_COLUMNS = 3                        | Default number of BS columns for the 'note'-column                         |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
236
| FORM_BUTTON_ON_CHANGE_CLASS | FORM_BUTTON_ON_CHANGE_CLASS=alert-info btn-info | Color for save button after modification                                   |
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| BASE_URL_PRINT              | BASE_URL_PRINT=http://example.com               | URL where wkhtmltopdf will fetch the HTML (no parameter, those comes later)|
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| WKHTMLTOPDF                 | WKHTMLTOPDF=/usr/bin/wkhtmltopdf                | Binary where to find wkhtmltopdf.                                          |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| EDIT_FORM_PAGE              | EDIT_FORM_PAGE = form                           | T3 Pagealias to edit a form.                                               |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
244
245
| LDAP_1_RDN                  | LDAP_1_RDN='ou=Admin,ou=example,dc=com'         | Credentials for non-anonymous LDAP access. At the moment only one set of   |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+ crendentials is supported.                                                 |
246
247
| LDAP_1_PASSWORD             | LDAP_1_PASSWORD=mySecurePassword                |                                                                            |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
| SECURITY_VARS_HONEYPOT      | SECURITY_VARS_HONEYPOT = email,username,password| If empty: no check. All named variables will rendered as INPUT elements    |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| SECURITY_ATTACK_DELAY       | SECURITY_ATTACK_DELAY = 5                       | If an attack is detected, sleep 'x' seconds and exit PHP process           |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| SECURITY_SHOW_MESSAGE       | SECURITY_SHOW_MESSAGE = true                    | If an attack is detected, show a message                                   |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| SECURITY_GET_MAX_LENGTH     | SECURITY_GET_MAX_LENGTH = 32                    | Check that there are no GET vars longer than 'x' chars                     |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274

Example: *typo3conf/config.qfq.ini*

::

	; To get internal default values, inactivate the option by commenting (= ';') it.
	DB_USER = qfqUser
	DB_SERVER = localhost
	DB_PASSWORD = 12345678
	DB_NAME = qfq_db
	DB_INIT = set names utf8
	SQL_LOG = sql.log
	SHOW_DEBUG_INFO = auto
	CSS_LINK_CLASS_INTERNAL = internal
	CSS_LINK_CLASS_EXT = external
	;CSS_CLASS_QFQ_CONTAINER =
	;CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM =
	CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM_PILL = qfq-color-grey-1
	CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM_BODY = qfq-color-grey-2
275
	;DATE_FORMAT= yyyy-mm-dd
276
277
278
279
	;FORM_DATA_PATTERN_ERROR =
	;FORM_DATA_REQUIRED_ERROR =
	;FORM_DATA_MATCH_ERROR =
	;FORM_DATA_ERROR =
280
	;FORM_BS_COLUMNS = 12
281
282
283
284
285
	;FORM_BS_LABEL_COLUMNS = 3
	;FORM_BS_INPUT_COLUMNS = 6
	;FORM_BS_NOTE_COLUMNS = 3
	BASE_URL_PRINT=http://example.com
	WKHTMLTOPDF=/usr/bin/wkhtmltopdf
286
	;EDIT_FORM_PAGE = form
287
288
	;LDAP_1_RDN='ou=Admin,dc=example,dc=com'
	;LDAP_1_PASSWORD=mySecurePassword
289
290
291
292
	;SECURITY_VARS_HONEYPOT=email,username,password
	;SECURITY_ATTACK_DELAY=5
	;SECURITY_SHOW_MESSAGE=true
	;SECURITY_GET_MAX_LENGTH=32
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402

.. _local-documentation:

Local Documentation
-------------------

To render the QFQ reST documentation:

* Take care to have 'unzip' and 'Python setuptools' installed (necessary to run).

Preparation for Ubuntu 16.04::

	sudo apt install unzip python-setuptools python-pip

* Install the extension "Sphinx Python Documentation Generator and Viewer" (sphinx).

  * Execute the update script (symbol 'two arrows as a circle' behind the extension name)
  * Choose 'Sphinx 1.4.4' - click on 'Import'.

* In the Exension Manager open the configuration dialog of the extension 'sphinx'. Activate the 'Sphinx 1.4.4' option and save it.
* On top of the browser window click on the 'question mark' to open the menu, choose 'Sphinx'.
* Show doumentation 'QFQ Extension'

* If you have problems with the rendering, please check: http://mbless.de/blog/2015/01/26/sphinx-doc-installation-steps.html

.. _concept:

Concept
=======

The QFQ extension is activated through `tt-content` records of type `QFQ`. One (or more) tt-content records per Typo3
page are necessary to render *forms* and *reports*.

Access privileges
-----------------

The Typo3 FE Groups can be used to implement access privileges. Such groups are assigned to
* Typo3 FE users,
* Typo3 pages,
* and/or Typo3 content records (e.g. QFQ records).

This will be used for general page structure privileges.

A `record base` privileges controlling (e.g. which user can edit
which person record) will be implizit configured, by the way that records are viewable / editable (or not) through
SQL in the specifiq QFQ tt-content statements.

Typo3 QFQ content element
-------------------------

Insert one or more QFQ content elements on a Typo3 page. Specify column and language per content record as wished.

The title of the QFQ content element will not be rendered. It's only visible in the backend for orientation.

QFQ Keywords (Bodytext)
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name              | Explanation                                                                     |
 +===================+=================================================================================+
 | form              | Formname defined in ttcontent record bodytext                                   |
 |                   | * Fix. E.g.: **form = person**                                                  |
 |                   | * by SIP: **form = {{form}}**                                                   |
 |                   | * by SQL: **form = {{SELECT c.form FROM conference AS c WHERE c.id={{a:C}} }}** |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | r                 | <record id> The form will load the record with the specified id                 |
 |                   | * Variants: **r = 123**, by SQL: **r = {{SELECT ...}}**                         |
 |                   | * If not specified, the default is '0'                                          |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.db        | Select a DB. Only necessary if a different than the standard DB should be used. |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.fbeg      | Start token for every field (=column)                                           |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.fend      | End token for every field (=column)                                             |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.head      | Start token for whole <level>                                                   |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.tail      | End token for whole <level>                                                     |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.rbeg      | Start token for row.                                                            |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.rbgd      | Alternating (per row) token                                                     |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.rend      | End token for row. Will be rendered **before** subsequent levels are processed  |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.renr      | End token for row. Will be rendered **after** subsequent levels are processed   |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.rsep      | Seperator token between rows                                                    |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.fsep      | Seperator token between fields (=columns)                                       |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.sql       | SQL Query                                                                       |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | <level>.althead   | If <level>.sql is empty, these token will be rendered                           |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | debugShowBodyText | If ='1' and config.qfq.ini:*showDebugInfo=yes* - shows a tooltip with bodytext  |
 +-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

.. _debug:

Debug
^^^^^

* config.ini: *SHOW_DEBUG_INFO = yes|no|auto*

  * *yes*:

    * Form:

      * For every internal link/button, show tooltips with decoded SIP on mouseover.
403
      * Shows an 'Edit form'-button (wrench symbol) on a form. The link points to the T3 page with the :ref:`form-editor`.
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471

    * Report: Will be configured per tt-content record.

      *debugShowBodyText = 1*

  * *no*: No debug info.

  * *auto*: Depending if there is a Typo3 BE session, set internally:

    * *SHOW_DEBUG_INFO = yes*  (BE session exist)
    * *SHOW_DEBUG_INFO = no*   (no BE session)


.. _variables:

Variables
---------

Most fields of a form or report specification might contain:

* ''constants'' (=strings), this is the standard use case.
* ''variables'' retrieved from the stores (see below),
* ''SQL statements'' (limited set of),
* or any combination of the above.

* A variable (or SQL) statement is surrounded by curly braces:

  *{{VarName[:<store / prio>[:<sanitize class>[:<escape>]]]}}*

* Example:

  *{{r}}*

  *{{index:FS}}*

  *{{name:FS:alnumx:s}}*

  *{{SELECT name FROM person WHERE id=1234}}*

  *{{SELECT name FROM person WHERE id={{r}} }}*

  *{{SELECT name FROM person WHERE id={{key1:C:alnumx}} }}*

* Leading and trailing spaces inside curly braces are removed.

  * *{{ SELECT "Hello World"   }}* acts as *{{SELECT "Hello World"}}*
  * *{{ varname   }}* acts as *{{varname}}*


* There are several stores, from where to retrieve the value. If a value is not found in one store, the next store is searched,
  until a value is found or there are no more stores available.
* If anywhere along the line an empty string is found, this **is** a value: therefore, the search will stop.
* If no value is found, the value is an <empty string>.

URL Parameter
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* URL (=GET) Parameter can be used in *forms* and *reports* as variables.
* If a value violates a parameter sanitize class, the value becomes an empty string.

Escape
^^^^^^

* Variables used in SQL Statements might cause trouble, if they contain single or double ticks.
* Escaping of single or double is defined by the parameter <escape> (fourth parameter):

  * 's' - single ticks will be escaped.
  * 'd' - double ticks will be escaped.
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
472
473
  * 'l' - LDAP search filter values will be escaped.
  * 'L' - LDAP DN values will be escaped.
474

Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
475
* Even it's possible to escape single and double ticks at the same time, this makes no sense.
476
* Which of them to escape (single or double) depends on the surrounding SQL query.
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
477
* Escaping is only necessary inside of SQL or LDAP queries.
478
479
480
481

Sanitize class
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

482
* All values in Store *C* (Client=Browser) and store *F* (Form) will be sanitized:
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
* All :ref:`predefined-variable-names` have a specific default sanitize class. For these variables, it's not necessary
  to specify a sanitize class.
* All other variables (Store: C, F) get by default the sanitize class defined in the corresponding form. If not defined
  the default class is 'digit'.
* A default sanitize class can be overwritten by individual definition: *{{a:C:all}}*

+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Name             | Form | Query | Pattern                                                                                 |
+==================+======+=======+=========================================================================================+
| **alnumx**       | Form | Query | [A-Za-z][0-9]@-_.,;: /() ÀÈÌÒÙàèìòùÁÉÍÓÚÝáéíóúýÂÊÎÔÛâêîôûÃÑÕãñõÄËÏÖÜŸäëïöüÿ             |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| **digit**        | Form | Query | [0-9]                                                                                   |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| **numerical**    | Form | Query | [0-9.-+]                                                                                |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| **email**        | Form | Query | [a-zA-Z0-9._%+-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9.-]+\.[a-zA-Z]{2,}                                          |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| **min|max**      | Form |       | Compares the value against an lower and upper limit (numeric or string).                |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| **min|max date** | Form |       | Compares the value against an lower and upper date or datetime.                         |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| **pattern**      | Form |       | Compares the value against a regexp.                                                    |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| **allbut**       | Form | Query | All characters allowed, but not [ ]  { } % & \ #. The used regexp: '^[^\[\]{}%&\\#]+$', |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| **all**          | Form | Query | no sanitizing                                                                           |
+------------------+------+-------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
Security
========

All values passed to QFQ will be:

* UTF8 normalized (normalizer::normalize) to unify different ways of composing characters,
*

Get Parameter
-------------

522
523
524
525
GET parameter might contain urlencoded content (%xx). 'urldDecode' all GET parameter.
The string length of GET parameter is limited on  SECURITY_GET_MAX_LENGTH chars (see `config.qfq.ini`_)

**QFQ security restiction**:
526

527
528
* '%nn' in GET variables will always be decoded. It's not possible to transfer '%nn' itself.
* GET variables are limited to  SECURITY_GET_MAX_LENGTH chars - any violation will break QFQ.
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539

Post Parameter
--------------

Per FormElement (HTML input) the default is to htmlspecialchars() the input. This means &<>'" will be encoded as htmlentity
and saved as a htmlentity in the database. In case quotes or some of the others characters (e.g. for HTML tags) are
required, the encoding can be disabled per FormElement. During Form load, the htmlentities are decoded.

$_SERVER
--------

540
All $_SERVER vars are htmlentities (all, not only specialchars!) encoded.
541
542
543
544
545

Honeypot
--------

Every QFQ Form contains 'honeypot'-HTML input elements (hidden & readonly). Which to use is configured in `config.qfq.ini`_
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
(default:   'username', 'password' and 'email'). Independet of the QFQ Form, on every start of QFQ, these variables are
tested if they are non-empty.

**QFQ security restiction**:

* The honeypot variables can't be used in GET or POST as regular HTML input elements - any use of it will break QFQ.

Violation
---------

On any violation, QFQ will sleep SYSTEM_SECURITY_ATTACK_DELAY seconds (`config.qfq.ini`_) and than exit the running PHP process.
A detected attack leads to a complete white (=empty) page.

If SECURITY_SHOW_MESSAGE == true (`config.qfq.ini`_), a message is displayed.
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570

SIP
---

Links with URL parameters, targeting to the local website, are typically SIP encoded. Instead of transferring the parameter
as part of the URL, only one uniqe timestamp, called 's', is appended at the link. The parameter 's' is uniq (equal to a
timestamp) for the user and the assigned variables are stored as a part of the PHP user session on the server.
Two users might have the same value of parameter 's', but the content is completely independet.

Variables needed by Typo3 remains on the link and are not 'sip-encoded'.

571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
Store
=====

Only variables that are known in a specified store can be substituted.

 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 |Name |Description                                                                             | Content                                                                    |
 +=====+========================================================================================+============================================================================+
 | F   | :ref:`STORE_FORM`: data not saved in database yet.                                     | All native *FormElements*. Recent values from the Browser.                 |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | S   | :ref:`STORE_SIP`: Client parameter 's' will indicate the current SIP, which will be    | sip, r (recordId), form                                                    |
 |     | loaded from the SESSION repo to the SIP-Store.                                         |                                                                            |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | R   | :ref:`STORE_RECORD`: Record - the current record loaded in the form                    | All columns of the current record from the current table                   |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | B   | :ref:`STORE_BEFORE`: Record - the current record loaded in the form before any update  | All columns of the current record from the current table                   |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | P   | Parent record. E.g.: on multi forms the current record of the outer query              | All columns of the MultiSQL Statement from the table for the current row   |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | D   | Default values column : The *table.column* specified *default value*.                  |                                                                            |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | M   | Column type: The *table.column* specified *type*                                       |                                                                            |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | C   | :ref:`STORE_CLIENT`: POST variable, if not found: GET variable                         | Parameter sent from the Client (=Browser).                                 |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | T   | :ref:`STORE_TYPO3`: a) Bodytext (ttcontent record), b) Typo3 internal variables        | See Typo3 tt_content record configuration                                  |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | V   | :ref:`STORE_VARS`: Generic variables                                                   |                                                                            |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
600
601
 | L   | :ref:`STORE_LDAP`: Will be filled on demand during processing of a *FormElement*       | Custom specified list of LDAP attributes                                   |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
 | 0   | *Zero* - allways value: 0, might be helpful if a variable is empty or undefined and    | Any key                                                                    |
 |     | will be used in an SQL statement.                                                      |                                                                            |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | E   | *Empty* - allways an empty string, might be helpful if a variable is empty or undefined| Any key                                                                    |
 |     | and will be used in an SQL statement                                                   |                                                                            |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Y   | :ref:`STORE_SYSTEM`: a) Database, b) helper vars for logging/debugging:                |                                                                            |
 |     | SYSTEM_SQL_RAW ... SYSTEM_FORM_ELEMENT_COLUMN, c) Any custom fields: CONTACT, HELP, ...|                                                                            |
 +-----+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

* Default *<prio>*: *FSRVD* - Form / SIP / Record / Vars / Table definition.
* Hint: Preferable, parameter should be submitted by SIP, not by Client (=URL).

  * Warning: Data submitted via 'Client' can be easily spoofed and altered.
  * Best: Data submitted via SIP never leaves the server, cannot be spoofed or altered by the user.
  * SIPs can _only_ be defined by using *Report*. Inside of *Report* use columns 'Link' (with attribute 's'), 'page?' or 'Page?'.

.. _predefined-variable-names:

Predefined variable names
-------------------------

.. _STORE_FORM:

Store: *FORM* - F
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *yes*
* Represents the values in the form, typically before saving them.
* Used for:

  * *FormElements* who will be rerendered, after a parent *FormElement* has been changed by the user.
  * *FormElement* actions, before saving the form.
  * Values will be sanitized by the class configured in corresponding the *FormElement*. By default, the sanitize class is `alnumx`.

 +---------------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name                            | Explanation                                                                                                                                |
 +=================================+============================================================================================================================================+
 | <FormElement name>              | Name of native *FormElement*. To get, exactly and only, the specified *FormElement* (for 'pId'): *{{pId:F}}*                               |
 +---------------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

.. _STORE_SIP:

Store: *SIP* - S
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *no*
* Filled automatically by creating links. E.g.:

  * in `Report` by using `_page?` or `_link` (with active 's')
  * in `Form` by using subrecords: 'new', 'edit', 'delete' links (system) or by column type `_page?`, `_link`.

 +-------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name                    | Explanation                                               |
 +=========================+===========================================================+
 | sip                     | 13 char uniqid                                            |
 +-------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
 | r                       | current record id                                         |
 +-------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
 | form                    | current form name                                         |
 +-------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
 | table                   | current table name                                        |
 +-------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
 | urlparam                | all non Typo3 paramter in one string                      |
 +-------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
 | <user defined>          | additional user defined link parameter                    |
 +-------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------+

.. _STORE_RECORD:

Store: *RECORD* - R
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *no*
* Current record loaded in Form.
677
* If r=0, all values are empty.
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691

 +------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name                   | Explanation                                                                                                                                      |
 +========================+==================================================================================================================================================+
 | <column name>          | Name of a column of the primary table (as defined in the current form). To get, exactly and only, the specified form *FormElement*: *{{pId:R}}*  |
 +------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

.. _STORE_BEFORE:

Store: *BEFORE* - B
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *no*
* Current record loaded in Form without any modification.
692
* If r=0, all values are empty.
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763

This store is handy to compare new and old values of a form.

 +------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name                   | Explanation                                                                                                                                      |
 +========================+==================================================================================================================================================+
 | <column name>          | Name of a column of the primary table (as defined in the current form). To get, exactly and only, the specified form *FormElement*: *{{pId:R}}*  |
 +------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

.. _STORE_CLIENT:

Store: *CLIENT* - C
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *yes*

 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name                    | Explanation                                                                                                                              |
 +=========================+==========================================================================================================================================+
 | s                       | =SIP                                                                                                                                     |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | r                       | record id. Typically stored in SIP, rarely specified on the URL                                                                          |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | keySemId                | always current Semester Id                                                                                                               |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | keySemIdUser            | *{{keySemIdUser}}*, may be changed by user                                                                                               |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | HTTP_HOST               | current HTTP HOST                                                                                                                        |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | REMOTE_ADDR             | Client IP address                                                                                                                        |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | '$_SERVER[*]'           | All other variables accessable by *$_SERVER[]*. Only the often used have a pre-defined sanitize class.                                   |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | form                    | Unique name of current form                                                                                                              |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | ANREDE                  | *{{sex}}* == male >> Sehr geehrter Herr, *{{sex}}* == female  Sehr geehrte Frau                                                          |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | EANREDE                 | *{{sex}}* == male >> Dear Mr., *{{sex}}* == female >> Dear Mrs.                                                                          |
 +-------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

.. _STORE_TYPO3:

Store: *TYPO3* (Bodytext) - T
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *no*

 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+
 | Name                    | Explanation                                                       | Note     |
 +=========================+===================================================================+==========+
 | form                    | Formname defined in ttcontent record bodytext                     | see note |
 |                         |                                                                   |          |
 |                         | * Fix. E.g. *form = person*                                       |          |
 |                         | * via SIP. E.g. *form = {{form}}*                                 |          |
 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+
 | pageId                  | Record id of current Typo3 page                                   | see note |
 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+
 | pageType                | Current selected page type (typically URL parameter 'type')       | see note |
 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+
 | pageLanguage            | Current selected page language (typically URL parameter 'L')      | see note |
 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+
 | ttcontentUid            | Record id of current Typo3 content element                        | see note |
 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+
 | feUser                  | Logged in Typo3 FE User                                           |          |
 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+
 | feUserUid               | Logged in Typo3 FE User uid                                       |          |
 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+
 | feUserGroup             | FE groups of logged in Typo3 FE User                              |          |
 +-------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------+----------+

* **note**: not available
764
  * in :ref:`dynamic-update` or
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
  * by *FormElement* class 'action' with type 'beforeSave', 'afterSave', 'beforeDelete', 'afterDelete'.

.. _STORE_VARS:

Store: *VARS* - V
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *no*

 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name                    | Explanation                                                                                                                                |
 +=========================+============================================================================================================================================+
 | random                  | random string with length of 32 chars, alphanum                                                                                            |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | slaveId                 | see *FormElement* `action`                                                                                                                 |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | filename                | Original filename of an uploaded file via an 'upload'-FormElement. Valid only during processing of the current 'upload'-formElement.       |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | fileDestinaton          | Destination (path & filename) for an uploaded file. Defined in an 'upload'-FormElement.parameter. Valid: same as 'filename'.               |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
786
787
788
789
790
791
.. _STORE_LDAP:

Store: *LDAP* - L
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *yes*
792
* See also :ref:`LDAP`:
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800

 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name                    | Explanation                                                                                                                                |
 +=========================+============================================================================================================================================+
 | <custom defined>        | See *ldapAttributes*                                                                                                                       |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+


801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851

.. _STORE_SYSTEM:

Store: *SYSTEM* - Y
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

* Sanatized: *no*

 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | Name                    | Explanation                                                              |
 +=========================+==========================================================================+
 | DB_USER                 | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | DB_SERVER               | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | DB_NAME                 | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | DB_INIT                 | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | SQL_LOG                 | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | SQL_LOG_MODE            | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | SHOW_DEBUG_INFO         | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | CSS_LINK_CLASS_INTERNAL | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | CSS_LINK_CLASS_EXTERNAL | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | CSS_CLASS_QFQ_CONTAINER | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | EXT_PATH                | computed during runtime                                                  |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | SITE_PATH               | computed during runtime                                                  |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | DATE_FORMAT             | defined in config.ini                                                    |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | class                   | defined in config.ini (CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM) or form definition            |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | classPill               | defined in config.ini (CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM_PILL) or form definition       |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | classBody               | defined in config.ini (CSS_CLASS_QFQ_FORM_BODY) or form definition       |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | data-pattern-error      | defined in config.ini or form definition                                 |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | data-require-error      | defined in config.ini or form definition                                 |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | data-match-error        | defined in config.ini or form definition                                 |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | data-error              | defined in config.ini or form definition                                 |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
852
853
 | bsColumns               | defined in config.ini (FORM_BS_COLUMNS) or form definition               |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
 | bsLabelColumns          | defined in config.ini (FORM_BS_LABEL_COLUMNS) or form definition         |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | bsInputColumns          | defined in config.ini (FORM_BS_INPUT_COLUMNS) or form definition         |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | bsNoteColumns           | defined in config.ini (FORM_BS_NOTE_COLUMNS) or form definition          |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | sqlFinal                | computed during runtime, used for error reporting                        |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | sqlParamArray           | computed during runtime, used for error reporting                        |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
 | sqlCount                | computed during runtime, used for error reporting                        |
 +-------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------+

SQL Statement
-------------

* The detection of an SQL command is case *insensitive*.
* Leading  whitespace will be skipped.
* The following commands are interpreted as SQL commands:

  * SELECT
  * INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, REPLACE, TRUNCATE
  * SHOW, DESCRIBE, EXPLAIN, SET

* A SQL Statement might contain parameters, including additional SQL statements. Inner SQL queries will be executed first.
* All variables will be substituted one by one from inner to outer.
* Maximum recursion depth: 5 (a recursion depth of 2 is sometimes used for mailing with templates, 3 and more probably confuses too much and is therefore not practicable, but supported until depth of 5)
* The number of variables inside an input field or a SQL statement is not limited.
* A resultset of a SQL statement will be imploded over all: concat all columns of a row, concat all rows - there is no glue string.

* Example::

  {{SELECT id, name FROM Person}}
  {{SELECT id, name, IF({{feUser}}=0,'Yes','No')  FROM Vorlesung WHERE sem_id={{keySemId:Y}} }}
  {{SELECT id, city FROM Address AS adr WHERE adr.pId={{SELECT id FROM Account AS acc WHERE acc.name={{feUser}} }} }}

* Special case for SELECT input fields. To deliver a result array specify an '!' before the SELECT: ::

   {{!SELECT ...}}

  * This is only possible for the outermost SELECT.

Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
896
897
898
899
900
.. _LDAP:

LDAP
====

901
A form can retrieve data from LDAP server(s) to display or to save them. Configuration options for LDAP will be specified
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
902
in the *parameter* field of the *Form* and/or the *FormElement*. Definitions of the *FormElement* will overwrite definitions
903
904
of the *Form*. One LDAP Server can be configured per *FormElement*. Multiple *FormElements* might use individual LDAP
Server configurations.
905

906
To decide which Parameter should be placed on *Form.parameter* and which on *FormElement.parameter*: If LDAP access is ...
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
907
908
909
910
911
912

* only necessary in one *FormElement*, most usefull setup is to specify all values in that specific *FormElement*,
* needed on multiple *FormElement*s (of the same *Form*, e.g. one *input* with *typeAhead*, one *note* and one *action*), it's more
  efficient to specify the base parameter *ldapServer*, *ldapBaseDn* in *Form.parameter* and the rest on the current
  *FormElement*.

913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| Parameter                   | Example                          | Description                                                   | Form | FormElement | Used for |
+=============================+==================================+===============================================================+======+=============+==========+
| ldapServer                  | directory.example.com            | Hostname. For LDAPS: `ldaps://directory.example.com:636`      | x    | x           | TA, FSL  |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| ldapBaseDn                  | ou=Addressbook,dc=example,dc=com | Base DN to start the search                                   | x    | x           | TA, FSL  |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| ldapAttributes              | cn, email                        | List of attributes to save in STORE_LDAP                      | x    | x           | FSL      |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| ldapSearch                  | (mail=john.doe@example.com)      | Regular LDAP search expresssion                               | x    | x           | FSL      |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| ldapTimeLimit               | 3 (default)                      | Maximum time to wait for an answer of the LDAP Server         | x    | x           | TA, FSL  |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| ldapUseBindCredentials      | ldapUseBindCredentials=1         | Use LDAP_1_* crendentials from config.qfq.ini for ldap_bind() | x    | x           | TA, FSL  |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| typeAheadLdap               | -                                | Enable LDAP as 'Typeahead' data source                        |      | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| typeAheadLdapSearch         | `(|(cn=*?*)(mail=*?*))`          | Regular LDAP search expresssion, returns upto typeAheadLimit  | x    | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| typeAheadLdapSearchPrefetch | `(mail=?)`                       | Regular LDAP search expresssion, typically return one record  | x    | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
934
935
| typeAheadLdapSearchPerToken | -                                | Split search value in token and permutate search combination  | x    | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
| typeAheadLdapValuePrintf    | `'%s / %s', cn, mail`            | Custom format to display attributes, as `value`               | x    | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| typeAheadLdapIdPrintf       | `'%s', mail`                     | Custom format to display attributes, as `id`                  | x    | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| typeAheadLimit              | 20 (default)                     | Result will be limited to this number of entries              | x    | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| typeAheadPedantic           | typeAheadPedantic                | Activate 'pedantic' mode - only valid keys are allowed        | x    | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| typeAheadMinLength          | 2 (default)                      | Minimum number of characters before starting the search       | x    | x           | TA       |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
| fillStoreLdap               | -                                | Activate `Fill STORE LDAP` with the first retrieved record    |      | x           | FSL      |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------+------+-------------+----------+
948

Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
949
* *typeAheadLimit*: there might be a hard limit on the server side (e.g. 100) - which can't be extended.
950
951
* *ldapUseBindCredentials* is only necessary if `anonymous` access is not possible. RDN and password has to be configured in
  `config.qfq.ini`.
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967

.. _LDAP_Typeahead:

Typeahead (TA)
--------------

*Typeahead* offers continous searching of a LDAP directoy by using a regular *FormElement* of type *text*.
The *FormElement.parameter*=*typeAheadLdap* will trigger LDAP searches on every user **keystroke**
(starting after *typeAheadMinLength* keystrokes) for the current *FormElement* - this is different from *dynamicUpdate*
(triggered by leaving focus of an input element). Typeahead delivers a list of elements.

* *FormElement.parameter.typeAheadLdap* - activate the mode *Typeahead* - no value is needed, the existence is suffucient.
* *Form.parameter* or *FormElement.parameter*:

  * *ldapServer* = `directory.example.com`
  * *ldapBaseDn* =  `ou=Addressbook,dc=example,dc=com`
968
  * *typeAheadLdapSearch* = `(|(cn=*?*)(mail=*?*))`
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
969
  * *typeAheadLdapValuePrintf* = `'%s / %s', cn, email`
970
  * *typeAheadLdapIdPrintf* = `'%s', email`
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
971
  * Optional: *ldapUseBindCredentials* = 1
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
972
973
974

All fetched LDAP values will be formatted with:
* *typeAheadLdapValuePrintf*, shown to the user in a drop-down box and
975
* *typeAheadLdapIdPrintf*, which represents the final data to save.
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
976

977
978
The `id/value` translation is compareable to a regular select drop-down box with id/value pairs.
Only attributes, defined in *typeAheadLdapValuePrintf* / *typeAheadLdapIdPrintf* will be fetched from the LDAP directory.
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
979
980
981
982
983
984
To examine all possible values of an LDAP server, use the commandline tool `ldapsearch`. E.g.::

  ldapsearch -x -h directory.example.com -L -b ou=Addressbook,dc=example,dc=com "(mail=john.doe@example.com)"

All occurences of a '?' in *ldapSearch* will be replaced by the user data typed in via the text-*FormElement*.
The typed data will be escaped to fullfill LDAP search limitations.
985
Regular *Form* variables might be used on all parameter and will be evaluated during form load (!) - *not* at the time when
Carsten  Rose's avatar
Carsten Rose committed
986
987
the user types something.

988
989
990
991
992
Pedantic
^^^^^^^^

In case the typed value (technically this is the value of the *id*, latest in the moment when loosing the focus) have
to be a valid (= exist on the LDAP server), the *typeAheadPedantic* mode can be activated.
993
If the user typed something and that is not a valid *id*, the client (=browser) will delete the input when loosing the focus.
994
To identify the exact *id*, an additional search filter is necessary: `ypeAheadLdapSearchPrefetch` - see next topic.
995
996
997
998

* *Form.parameter* or *FormElement.parameter*:

  * *typeAheadPedantic*
999
1000

Prefetch